what is av1

What is AV1? Why your next android tv box must support AV1?

Regarding video encoding, we all know H265 or H264, which is the mainstream encoding method we currently use for Android set-top boxes.You may ask what is AV1? Google recently updated the specifications for its Android TV platform, requiring that all Android TV box running Android 11 must support the decoding of the AV1 video format, which also symbolizes the advent of a new era of  android set top box and Internet TV box.

What is AV1?

V1 is a new video codec that promises to help companies and individuals efficiently stream high-quality video over the Internet without paying royalties.

AV1 is the first project of the Alliance for Open Media (AOMedia), a consortium that promotes media codecs, formats and technologies for the public web. Mozilla joined AOMedia in 2015 as a founding member. Mozilla sponsors open media codecs like AV1 because they have the potential to remove technical and financial barriers for people who want to create and share high-quality media experiences on open web platforms.


AV1 VS H265

The most popular video format today is AVC/H.264.The technology was introduced in 2003 and is owned by the Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG).

AV1 is different from AVC/H.264 because:

  1. Nearly double the efficiency with next-generation compression technology
  2. High-quality video can be transferred faster over the Internet
  3. No license fees; anyone can compress and decode video files without paying royalties
  4. Provide end users with a higher quality experience even when bandwidth is limited

MPEG created the successor to AVC/H.264, called HEVC (High Efficiency Video Coding) or H.265, which improved compression. However, around HEVC.

Uncertainty about licensing fees makes it untenable for web browsers and content creators alike.

The goal of the AV1 project is to replace AVC/H.264 as the web’s primary video format and compete with the HEVC codec for free and efficient sharing of high-quality video on an open web platform.

Why open media codecs important?

According to Cisco research, video content accounts for more than 70% of Internet traffic today and is expected to grow to more than 80% globally by 2022. File size,Small improvements in transfer time and image quality can bring huge benefits to video creators and consumers. Sharing video files at low cost or free will be Eliminate barriers to entry for small companies and individuals who cannot afford to pay high licensing fees.

Today, content creators, media sites, and browser companies must pay royalties to compress and decode video files using AVC/H.264 so that the video files can be quickly distributed over the Internet.
Large companies with on-demand video can pay tens or even hundreds of millions of dollars in licensing fees each year. Next-generation HEVC/H.265 codecs with multiple patents could cost ten times as much as AVC/H.264.

How was AV1 born?

Over the past six years, a number of companies have launched projects to create viable alternatives to patented video codecs. Mozilla starts work on Daala Project, Google releases VP9, ​​Cisco
Thor was created for low-complexity videoconferencing. All of these efforts have the same goal: to create a next-generation video compression format that makes sharing high-quality video faster, easier, and cheaper over the Internet.

In 2015, the likes of Mozilla, Google and Cisco formed AOMedia along with Amazon, Netflix and hardware suppliers AMD, ARM, Intel and Nvidia. As AOMedia grew, the effort to create an open video format revolved around a new codec: AV1. AV1 is primarily based on Google’s VP9, ​​combined with tools and techniques from Daala, Thor, and VP10.

What is the current status of AV1 use?

In addition to Android TV, Google has also announced that it will vigorously promote AV1 in the future. It has already started using AV1 on compatible devices for YouTube, Chrome and Duo, and plans to expand to Google Photos, Play Movies/Google TV, Meet and even Stadia.

av1 netflix

Netflix has started streaming select titles encoded with the new, more efficient AV1 codec to compatible smart TVs and game consoles.Netflix says the company will eventually “launch AV1 on all our platforms”

In the future, on TVs, Sony’s newly launched Bravia XR series, which runs Google TV, also supports AV1 decoding. The latest TV box Soc Amlogic S905X4 also supports AV1 decoding. 

Why Your Next Android Tv Box Must Support AV1?

As Google video platforms Youtube and Netflix have replaced the encoding method from VP9/H265 to AV1, more and more streaming media service providers will switch to AV1 encoding in the future. For content providers, saving money on expensive payments.

If you don’t buy an Android set-top box that supports AV1 decoding now, you will find that more and more network video streams cannot be played in the future.This is a change in a new era of decoding, just like when HDTV first appeared, if you still use an old standard definition TV, you can’t enjoy HDTV entertainment with more vivid colors and richer colors.

AV1 Android TV BOX

AV1 Android TV box

The current mainstream Android TV SoCs that support AV1 are Amlogic’s S905X4, S905W2 and S905Y4.At present, the AV1 Android TV boxes are all Android 11 set-top boxes. The following is the more popular AV1 Android 11 tv box in the market.

Transpeed W2

Transpeed W2 is Android TV Box powered by the S905W2 SoC with AV1 support.New Transpeed’s Android TV Box comes with 2GB-4GB RAM and 16GB-64GB eMMC storage. Powered by S905W2 SoC with Mali-G31 MP2 GPU, supports 4K AV1 decoding (AV1 MP-10 L5.1 up to 4K @60fps). The TV Box runs on Android 11 OS and also supports dual-band WiFi 802.11ac, Bluetooth 5.2 and Fast Ethernet. Additionally, the new Transpeed S905W2 Android 11 TV Box supports HDR10 and HLG HDR video processing.

Tanggula x5 IPTV Box

Tanggula x5 is a powerful full loaded IPTV Box with IPTV content released by Tanggula media in 2022. With Tanggula x5, you can enjoy more than 10,000 sets of Live TV channels worldwide for free for life without paying a penny. No IPTV Subscription, no extra bill.

Xiaomi TV Stick 4K

The new 4K Streaming TV Stick from Xiaomi will be powered by the well-known Amlogic S905Y4 SoC. Quad-core ARM Cortex-A35 processor with 850 MHz ARM Mali-G31 MP2 GPU supports 4K AV1 decoding (AV1 [email protected] up to [email protected]).  AV1 codec provides more bandwidth efficiency than H.265 or VP9. 

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